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Tapentadol Vs Hydrocodone- Is Nucynta Stronger Than Hydrocodone?

Tapentadol Vs Hydrocodone- Is Nucynta Stronger Than Hydrocodone?

 

Tapentadol vs Hydrocodone is a comparative study evaluating the best opioid analgesic of the two. Approved by FDA, Tapentadol and Hydrocodone are prescribed for managing acute and chronic within 30 minutes of intake. 

 

 

Tapentadol Vs Hydrocodone is one of the most sought-after comparisons prevalent in people with severe chronic pain. So, let us break down the key features of these two effective opioid analgesics. 

Tapentadol and Hydrocodone are opioid pain medications approved by FDA for treating moderate to severe chronic pain. Over a period of time, both analgesics have shown impeccable efficacy and benefits, making their comparison very common. 

This Tapentadol vs Hydrocodone comparative study is an extensive evaluation to answer the following question to help you choose the right opioid analgesic. 

  • Is Nucynta stronger than Hydrocodone?
  • Can I take Nucynta with Hydrocodone?
  • Nucynta vs Hydrocodone-Which is the best suited for you? 

 

Tapentadol Vs Hydrocodone- An Overview

Tapentadol is a centrally-acting analgesic with a dual mechanism of action helpful in treating acute and chronic pain. Nucynta is a popular tapentadol brand that shows similar effectiveness and uses as generic Tapentadol. 

Similarities And Differences

Even though Hydrocodone and Tapentadol are prescription opioid analgesics, a few characteristics set the two apart. Some frequently noted similarities and differences between Tapentadol and Hydrocodone are listed below [1,2]. 

 

Characteristics 

Tapentadol

Hydrocodone

Generic name

Tapentadol 

Hydrocodone

Brand name

Nucynta, Aspadol

Hysingla ER, Zohydro ER

Manufacturer

Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd

Purdue Pharma

FDA approval 

Yes, In the year 2008. 

Yes, In the year 2014. 

Legal status

AU- S8 (Controlled drug)

UK- Class A (Schedule 2 CD)

US- Schedule II

CA- Schedule I

EU- Rx-only

DE- Anlage III (Special prescription form required)

US- Schedule II drug

AU- S8 (Controlled drug)

UK- Class A (Controlled drug)

CA- Schedule I

DE: Anlage III (Special prescription form required)

Class of drug

Opioid Analgesic

Opioid Analgesic

Structural differences 

Tapentadol structure

Hydrocodone structure

Composition

It contains Tapentadol Hydrochloride as the active compound. The other inactive compounds present in its formulation are Microcrystalline Cellulose, Povidone K 30 USP, Polyvinylpyrrolidone, Colloidal Silicon Dioxide, Croscarmellose Sodium, and Magnesium Stearate. 

Hydrocodone tablets are available in a combination of  acetaminophen + hydrocodone and ibuprofen + hydrocodone for pain relief and with homatropine methylbromide as a cough medication. 

It is available by itself as extended-release formula under the brand name Zohydro ER. 

Pill Identification 

Tapentadol pill identification

The Tapentadol 100mg tablet is an orange round tablet with "O-M" and "100" imprinted on each side of the tablet [3]. 

Hydrocodone pill identification

The Hydrocodone pill shape and color may vary depending on their strength and manufacturer. The most prevalent Hydrocodone shape is oval capsule-shaped. They may range from white, orange, and yellow in color [4]. 

 

Nucynta Vs Hydrocodone- Working Mechanism   

Hydrocodone

Following an oral administration, the Hydrocodone tablet is metabolized in the liver to form hydromorphone. The elimination is through the kidney. Clinical studies indicate hydromorphone to be responsible for the analgesic effect of Hydrocodone. The analgesic reaches the maximum serum concentration within one hour. 

Tapentadol (Nucynta)- 

The Tapentadol oral tablet is broken down in the liver and is eliminated through the kidney. It has 30 minutes of the onset of action and lasts for 5 to 6 hours. This analgesic has a dual mode of action and is effective in treating acute and chronic pain. 

Uses And Benefits 

 

uses and benefits of hydrocodone and tapentadol

 

Clinical uses and benefits of Hydrocodone 

  • Hydrocodone is an effective treatment option for managing severe acute pain that does not often respond well to other medicines. It is, however, essential to note that Hydrocodone is not a PRN medication (administered as needed) and should be taken as prescribed by your physician.  
  • It has an antitussive  (used for preventing or relieving a cough) property prescribed as a cough suppressant in adults [5]. 

Medical benefits of Tapentadol 

  • The dual mechanism of action of Tapentadol makes it a much safer opioid choice in the market. With a low risk of abuse and dependency, Tapentadol can be used for long-term use. 
  • It effectively treats acute pain following an injury, burn, or surgery. 
  • Tapentadol is prescribed for chronic musculoskeletal pain. 
  • The analgesic property of Tapentadol helps control diabetic neuropathy that requires round-the-clock pain relief. 

 

Tapentadol Vs Hydrocodone- Dosage & Administration 

Proper dosing and administration of a medication ensure the best benefits with lower risks of experiencing side effects. The basic information one must have before taking Tapentadol and Hydrocodone is listed below. 

 

 

Hydrocodone

Tapentadol 

Dosages Available 

5, 7.5, and 10 mg 

50, 75, and 100mg 

Standard Dose

Hydrocodone 10mg

Tapentadol 100mg

Maximum dose

Do not exceed 60mg in a day. 

The maximum dose of Tapentadol on the first day is 700mg and in the following subsequent days is 600mg. 

Dose Interval

4 to 6 hours

5 to 6 hours 

Overdosing 

Not Advisable 

Not Advisable 

 

Tapentadol Dosing and Administration Regimen-

Tapentadol is an oral pill that should be swallowed without being broken or crushed. It can be taken two to three times a day, depending on the cause and severity of your condition. Patients with a hepatic disorder should maintain 8 hours of gap between two dosages. The Tapentadol analgesic should not be abruptly discontinued, as it can cause withdrawal symptoms. Thus, the Tapentadol tapering-off method is recommended by physicians, which involves lowering the dose of the drug before completely halting its use. 

Hydrocodone Dosing and Administration Regimen-

The initial dose of Hydrocodone recommended for beginners is 5mg every 4 to 6 hours. It is advisable not to take more than 8 tablets a day. Based on the severity of the pain, the dose can be increased up to 10mg. 

The Hydrocodone combination medications are available as oral tablets, capsules, and syrups. They should be taken every 4 to 6 hours as prescribed by your physician.

Taking the medicine at the same time every day enhances its benefits. While administering the oral syrup, do not use a regular spoon to measure the dose. Instead, use a properly marked dropper. 

 

Drug Interaction- Can I Take Nucynta With Hydrocodone?

Drug Interaction is a reaction between two or more medicines or compounds when co-administered. It can lower the effectiveness and potency of the drugs and increase the risk of side effects. 

People often take Tapentadol (Nucynta) with Hydrocodone for a better analgesic effect; however, mixing Tapentadol and Hydrocodone can cause serious drug interaction [6]. 

Tapentadol and hydrocodone drug interaction

Taking Tapentadol with Hydrocodone can cause central nervous system depression resulting in sedation, respiratory distress, and coma in severe cases. It may also increase the risk of hypotension (sudden drop in blood pressure). 

Hydrocodone can interact with 552 drugs, whereas, Tapentadol can interact with 372 medications. A few other medicines that should not be taken with Tapentadol and Hydrocodone are listed below. 

 

Tapentadol

Hydrocodone [7]

Drug

Interaction 

Drug

Interaction 

Acetylcarbromal

Major

Apalutamide

Major

Buprenorphine

Major

Desflurane

Moderate

Clemastine

Moderate

Halothane

Moderate

Chlormezanone

Major

Mavacamten

Major

Desmopressin

Moderate

Pentazocine

Major

Entacapone

Moderate

Saquinavir

Major

Lemborexant

Major

Nabilone

Moderate

Methamphetamine

Major

Gabapentin

Major

Midazolam

Moderate

Eletriptan

Moderate

Pirbuterol

Moderate

Isoflurane

Moderate

St. John's Wort

Major

Lorazepam

Major

Ritodrine

Moderate

Voxelotor

Major

 

Nucynta vs Hydrocodone- Abuse Potential 

Long-term use of Hydrocodone can be a significant cause of addiction. It is a prescription drug found in over 200 commercial products [8]. 

 

Nucynta vs HydrocodoneThe Hydrocodone addiction symptoms include constipation, anxiety, slower heart rate, weight loss, headache, fever, breathing issues, nasal congestion, and tightness in the chest. Most of these signs can be treated as a clue for the concerned people to understand what is happening. Suspected people with Hydrocodone abuse may further witness-

  • Blurry vision resulting in the person's inability to walk, focus and bump into things and objects.
  • It may result in confusion, affecting the person's ability to focus. 
  • Signs of depression may appear as a lack of interest in socializing with friends and family. 
  • If such people suffer from a seizure after taking the analgesic, it clearly shows Hydrocodone abuse [9]. 

The risk of Tapentadol addiction and abuse is low. A study indicates that Tapentadol is the least frequently abused opioid [10]. Another study confirms the low abuse risk of Tapentadol compared to other opioids due to its lower affinity for the mu-opioid receptor [11]. 

 

Nucynta vs Hydrocodone abuse potential

Three case studies conducted by a team of professionals showcase the ability of Tapentadol to cause addiction and dependency [12]. 

 

tapentadol addiction and abuse

 

Case 1- A 20-year-old patient with 8 months of Tapentadol use and a history of substance abuse is seen to develop tolerance to Tapentadol within 1 month of use. 

 

Case 2- A 34-year-old man with nicotine and alcohol dependence experienced euphoria, hallucination, and a perception of time moving fast after taking Tapentadol 100mg. He developed cravings and tolerance within two months of use. Four years of Tapentadol use developed signs of dependency with no severe health risk. 

 

Case 3- A 30-year-old man taking Tapentadol 50mg for abdominal pain developed tolerance within 6 months. He also experienced a decrease in libido and erectile dysfunction. After 7 months of regular use, he noticed withdrawal signs such as body aches, fatigue, insomnia, and lack of self-confidence. 

 

Nucynta Vs Tapentadol- Which Is More Affordable? 

We would love a good deal while purchasing our prescription medications. When deciding between Nucynta and Tapentadol, the cost of the product often becomes a major deciding factor. 

According to the price listed on the website Drugs, the cost of Hydrocodone is $9.52 per pill [13]. On the contrary, the cost of Tapentadol 100mg online at Health Naturo is $2.7 per pill. 

The cost of Tapentadol and Hydrocodone may differ based on the pharmacy and pill package. 

 

Precaution And Warning

While taking Tapentadol and Hydrocodone, following the precautionary measures will lower the risk of side effects. 

  • The use of Hydrocodone and Tapentadol can cause dizziness, sedation, and drowsiness, making it unsafe to operate heavy machinery and drive. 
  • Taking alcohol with Tapentadol and Hydrocodone is not advised. It can increase the risk of experiencing dizziness and drowsiness. 
  • The use of Hydrocodone with ibuprofen should be discontinued after 10 days of continuous use. 
  • Tapentadol dose is not recommended for adults below 18 years of age. 
  • Children and people below 18 years should take hydrocodone tablets or cough syrups after consulting a doctor. 
  • People over 65 years should take the analgesic after consulting a doctor.
  • The risk of addiction is higher in people with a history of abuse. 
  • People with kidney, liver, and heart disorders should take Tapentadol and Hydrocodone dosage after consulting a doctor. 

 

Nucynta Vs Hydrocodone- Possible Side Effects 

Both Tapentadol and Hydrocodone can cause side effects; however, the severity of the adverse effect depends on the dose and the administration of the medication. Some of the notable side effects of Tapentadol and Hydrocodone are listed below. It is, however, important to note that this is not the complete list of all their possible health risks. 

 

Adverse Effect

Tapentadol

Hydrocodone 

Respiratory

Cough, Respiratory Depression, Oxygen Saturation Decreased, and Dyspnea. 

Shortness of breath,  severe respiratory depression, and respiratory tract infection. 

Gastrointestinal

Impaired Gastric Emptying, Vomiting, Nausea, And  Abdominal Pain. 

Nausea, Gastroenteritis, Diarrhea, Vomiting, Abdominal Pain, And Dyspepsia. 

Psychiatric disorders

Euphoric Mood, Nervousness, Disorientation,  Agitation, Abnormal Thoughts, and Restlessness. 

Mood swings, Agitation, Restlessness, Abnormal thoughts. 

Neurological

Seizure, Paresthesia,  Hypoesthesia, Depressed Level Of Consciousness, Sedation, Abnormal Coordination, Disturbance In Attention, Sedation. 

Fatigue, Headache, Dizziness, Chills, Sedation, Anxiety, Dizziness, Insomnia, And Drowsiness. 

Cardiovascular Disorders

Heart rate decreased or increased. 

Palpitation, Hypotension, Faster heart rate, Peripheral edema, and Bradycardia. 

Dermatologic

Urticaria, Rash, Mouth Sores, and Blisters. 

Rash, Blisters, Diaphoresis, And Pruritus. 

Genitourinary

Pollakiuria And Urinary Hesitation. 

Urinary Retention Associated With Prostatic Hypertrophy And Urinary Tract Infection. 

 

Is Nucynta Stronger Than Hydrocodone- Our Final Though 

 

 

Tapentadol 

Hydrocodone 

Advantages 

The use of Tapentadol is effective in treating neuropathic pain in addition to managing acute and chronic pain. 

 

It has a dual mechanism of action, making it a safe opioid option. 

 

tapentadol review

Tapentadol has a user rating of 3.2 out of 5 on WebMD. 

 

Tapentadol has a lower risk of drug interaction compared to Hydrocodone. 

 

The Tapentadol 100mg price is lower compared to Hydrocodone. 

 

Tapentadol has a lower risk of abuse. 

Hydrocodone is formulated with two compounds making it an effective solution for managing moderate to severe pain.

 

It helps as an effective cough medicine. 

 

hydrocodone review

The Hydrocodone user review and rating at WebMD is 3.8 out of 5. 

Disadvantages 

It can impair your vision and cause dizziness and drowsiness, making driving unsafe. 

 

Sudden discontinuation of the drug can cause withdrawal. 

 

Its use is not recommended for people below 18 years. 

 

Adults over 65 years should take Tapentadol after consulting a doctor. 

 

Not advisable for people with existing kidney, heart, and liver disorders. 

Not pocket-friendly.

 

Have a higher risk of abuse.

 

Driving and using heavy machines are not advised after taking Hydrocodone tablets. 

 

Risks of withdrawal signs if stopped abruptly. 

 

Its use is considered unsafe for people below 18 years. 

 

People with kidney, heart and liver disorders must only take Hydrocodone is recommended by their physician after a thorough checkup. 

 

People above 65 years should take Hydrocodone after consulting a physician. 


FAQ's

Hydrocodone is a semi-synthetic drug derived from Codeine, but it is not formulated with it.

Yes, using Hydrocodone can make you lightheaded, dizzy, and drowsy.

The use of Hydrocodone tablets must be done regularly if recommended by their physician.

Doctors prescribe Hydrocodone to treat severe chronic pain or as a cough medication.

No, the use of Hydrocodone cough syrups is not given to people below 18 years.

The Tapentadol 100mg can be taken two to three times a day. Do not exceed 600mg of the medication in 24 hours.

Prolonged exposure to Tapentadol can affect the functioning of the liver.

Tapentadol is two to three times less potent than morphine.

Overdosing on Tapentadol or co-administering it with other medications or compounds can cause a euphoric, sedative effect with a sense of high.


References-

  1. Tapentadol, wiki

  2. Hydrocodone, Wiki

  3. Tapentadol Pill Images - Pill Identifier - Drugs.com

  4. Hydrocodone Pill Images - Pill Identifier - Drugs.com

  5. Hydrocodone - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf

  6. Tapentadol Interactions Checker - Drugs.com

  7. Hydrocodone Interactions Checker - Drugs.com

  8. Hydrocodone Addiction And Abuse, addictioncenter. 

  9. Hydrocodone Addiction: Symptoms and Signs of Abuse, americanaddictioncenters. 

  10. Tapentadol is the least common opioid found in admission urine drug-test results at an intensive outpatient opioid-use disorder treatment program in Ohio: A brief report, wmpllc. 

  11. Comparison of the risks of opioid abuse or dependence between tapentadol and oxycodone: results from a cohort study, M Soledad Cepeda et al., PubMed. 

  12. Tapentadol Dependence: A case Study, Preethy Kathiresan et al. psychiatrist. 

  13. Hydrocodone Prices, Coupons, Copay & Patient Assistance, Drugs.